“Jefferson, to his credit, says I’m not going to act unless the Constitution says I can act,” says Fea. Earlier US presidents invoked the Insurrection Act, deploying federal forces to local communities to restore order. Dusk-to-dawn curfews were in effect, and millions of residents were scared to leave their homes. But this time we're not seeing that.". Minneapolis might have been the epicenter for George Floyd protests, but this is now a national earthquake," Southers said. If the Constitution doesn’t outright condemn it, then it’s OK.”. Among them is the Insurrection Act of 1807, which authorises the president to commit military forces to deal with an insurrection or civil disturbance. The Insurrection Act has been invoked a number of times in the history of the United States to quell civil disturbances. "That was a clear pattern. The Insurrection Act of 1807 authorizes the president to ... President George H.W. Since 1807, the Insurrection Act has been amended several times to meet different political challenges. Looters zeroed in on Koreatown, in part, because a Korean business owner had killed a black teenager over a bottle of orange juice just two weeks after King was beaten in March 1991. ... was in May of 1992 when California requested that then-President George H. W. Bush implement it in the face of the 1992 Los Angeles riots. The act was last invoked in 1992 to quell the Los Angeles riots after the acquittal of four white police officers in the beating of Rodney King, a black man… Protesters are young and old, men and women of all ages, races and incomes pouring into the streets in a show of solidarity for Floyd and others like him. Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., was seen demonstrating in Washington, D.C., with her husband and their golden retriever in tow. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Alicia Victoria Lozano is a Los Angeles-based digital reporter for NBC News. That’s the same authority invoked during the civil rights era by Presidents Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy to deploy troops to the South to enforce desegregation in defiance of governors. The very first time the Insurrection Act was actually invoked was a year later in 1808, when American merchant ships in the Great Lakes flouted Jefferson’s trade embargo with the British. Upon request, Bush invoked the Insurrection Act with Executive Order 12804, federalizing the California Army National Guard and authorizing federal troops and federal law enforcement officers to help restore law and order. These entities pose a direct threat to national security. Both Jefferson and Madison were strict interpreters of the Constitution and wouldn’t dare exercise authority that wasn’t explicitly written in the founding document, so they needed to convince Congress to give Jefferson that power. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. They included Thomas Jefferson in 1808, Ulysses S. Grant in 1871, Rutherford Hayes (1878), Grover Cleveland (1894), Woodrow Wilson (1914), FDR (1943), Dwight Eisenhower (1957), JFK (1962 and 1963), LBJ (three times in 1968), and GHW Bush (1989 and 1992). The Insurrection Act, which has been amended several times since 1807, gives the president the power to deploy the military within the U.S. to maintain order in some circumstances, according to NPR.The Insurrection Act was last invoked in 1992 to quell riots that erupted in Los Angeles after the acquittal of four police officers in the beating of Rodney King, CNN reported. Ultimately, Bush declined to invoke the act, although it was eventually amended in 2006 to broaden the scope under which the president may act under the law. Eyewitness accounts suggest that some of the violence across the country was started by law enforcement. It was also used after widespread looting in St. Croix, Virgin Islands, after Hurricane Hugo. The details of Burr’s plot were never clear, but it involved mustering an army to invade Mexico under the pretense of a war with Spain, and then keeping the conquered land for himself. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. That language doesn't work," said an expert in national security. Dusk-to-dawn curfews were in effect, and … The act was last invoked during the Rodney King riots in Los Angeles in 1992, following a request from the former California Governor Pete Wilson. Citing the "urgent need to restore order," President George H.W. Without it, he wouldn’t have had the authority to send federal troops into a state without the governor’s permission. Trending. “Jefferson essentially puts a bounty on Burr’s head,” says Fea, and within weeks, an Ohio militia seized boats belonging to Burr’s ragtag army and raided a private island on the Ohio River that served as a military encampment. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Trending. insurrections,” wrote Madison, “but only agst. “The Federalists take a much broader view of the Constitution. The Insurrection Act is a federal law that empowers the president to deploy the military to suppress certain situations including civil disorder, That language doesn't work," said professor Erroll Southers, a former law enforcement officer who specializes in national and homeland security issues at the University of Southern California. The Insurrection Act hasn’t been invoked since 1992. Armed civilians flanked the rooftops of buildings to protect their businesses. 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